LumiNation 2020 - Orang Phebien Webisode #1: From 'Merantau' to 'Menetap'

The Baweanese presence in Singapore has been recorded as early as 1837, and their migration into Singapore intensified at the turn 20th century. Bawean migration is often said to be motivated by an indigenous ethos referred to as merantau. This video series will give insights to the factors influencing the migration of the Baweanese to Singapore and their integration with the various local communities to form one of the significant sub-ethnic Malay communities in Singapore today.

This first webisode provides a brief history on the migration of the Baweanese to Singapore; and snippets early Baweanese settlements (Kampong Boyan and Kampong Kapor) where many Bawean ponthuk were found.

“Do not get married
Before you have been on a sojourn
Do not go on a sojourn
Before making sure you have enough provisions”
-Bawean Merantau Philosophy 

This webisode will be available on this page from 1 Aug, Sat, 9am and available throughout the event.

Enjoyed the programme? We'd love to hear your feedback below, or click here to open the survey in a separate tab!

Production: Co-presented by The Arts House and Persatuan Bawean Singapura
Event venue: Online
Event price: FREE
Event duration:

20 mins

Event Date(s): 2020-08-01 00:00:00 | 2020-08-02 00:00:00
Event start date: 2020-08-01 09:00
Event end date: 2020-12-31 12:00
Custom Event Date(s): Premiere on 1 Aug 2020, SAT
Custom Event Time(s): 9am
Additional information:

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The merantau is a seen as a cultural ideal and expectation of a Baweanese male, in the process of dhedhi oreng (gaining adulthood), to seek knowledge, skills, and gain experience to obtain a respectable social standing in his community upon his return. It is also an economic and religious ideal to overcome Pulau Bawean’s geographical and socio-economic limitations. As part of the merantau, Baweanese men would usually make commercial journeys beyond his homeland.

The Baweanese have a long history of trade and migratory routes dating back to the mid-18th century that link the Pulau Bawean to various trading cities in Nusa Tenggara, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, East Java, Riau and the Malay peninsula. One of the critical reasons that Singapore was the destination of choice was that the island was a stopover for the voyage to Mecca for those who wanted to perform the Haj pilgrimage.

The ponthuk was an institution that characterised Baweanese commercial operations. It facilitated commercial journeys and operations, providing temporary lodging, employment and even assistance with travel arrangements for the Bawean perantau. The ponthuk provided support and moral security for the Bawean perantau facilitating their transition into life in cities such as Singapore.

Singapore, a rapidly developing maritime port in Southeast Asia at that time provided economic opportunities among the Baweanese, thus, further attracting them to migrate to Singapore to amass savings before embarking on the pilgrimage journey. These opportunities had also sparked economic favours for them, further motivating them to settle permanently (menetap) in Singapore together with their family members from Pulau Bawean.

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LumiNation 2020 - Little Things We Cherish

Ever wondered who are our migrant workers’ favourite writers or quotes that motivate them to get through a difficult day? Curated by Shivaji Das, Little Things We Cherish puts spotlight on seven Singapore migrant workers from different cultures and background as they share with us the lighter side of their lives through a range of topics. From favourite characters to childhood dreams, the workers voice their personal stories, inspirations and hopes offering us an intimate look into the migrant community’s lives.

This webisode will be available on this page from 2 Aug, Sun, 9am and available throughout the event.

Enjoyed the programme? We'd love to hear your feedback below, or click here to open the survey in a separate tab!

Production: Presented by The Arts House, Curated by Shivaji Das
Event venue: Online
Event price: FREE
Event duration:

15 mins

Event Date(s): 2020-08-02 09:00:00
Event start date: 2020-08-02 00:00
Event end date: 2020-12-31 00:00
Custom Event Date(s): 2 Aug 2020, SUN
Custom Event Time(s): 9am
Additional information:

About LumiNation 2020 - The Migration Edition
1–30 Aug 2020

Held alongside with National Day, The Arts House’s LumiNation festival explores our Singaporean identity through performances, talks and more.

This third edition of LumiNation will take place digitally, as it continues to set its sights on uncovering Singapore’s lesser-known narratives and hidden histories, inviting audiences to connect together parts of the full Singaporean conversation. The theme for this year’s festival is Migration, for which LumiNation aims to reveal the ever-changing relationship between migration and national identity. Moreover, we hope to explore how central migration is to Singapore's story, drawing from macroscopic to personal narratives.

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LumiNation 2020 - Orang Phebien Webisode #3: Today’s Baweanese

The Baweanese presence in Singapore has been recorded as early as 1837, and their migration into Singapore intensified at the turn 20th century. Bawean migration is often said to be motivated by an indigenous ethos referred to as merantau. This video series will give insights to the factors influencing the migration of the Baweanese to Singapore and their integration with the various local communities to form one of the significant sub-ethnic Malay communities in Singapore today.

For the current generation of Singaporeans with Baweanese heritage, what does it mean to them to be ‘Baweanese’? From topics on pride to stereotypes, this final webisode features the thoughts, reflections and voices of today’s Baweanese generation in Singapore on their tight-knitted community.

This webisode will be available on this page from 22 Aug, Sat, 9am and available throughout the event. 

Enjoyed the programme? We'd love to hear your feedback below, or click here to open the survey in a separate tab!

Production: Co-presented by The Arts House and Persatuan Bawean Singapura
Event venue: Online
Event price: FREE
Event duration:

20 mins

Event Date(s): 2020-08-22 09:00:00
Event start date: 2020-08-22 09:00
Event end date: 2020-12-31 12:00
Custom Event Date(s): Premiere on 22 Aug 2020, SAT
Custom Event Time(s): 9am
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LumiNation 2020 - Orang Phebien Webisode #2: Lives after Ponthuk

The Baweanese presence in Singapore has been recorded as early as 1837, and their migration into Singapore intensified at the turn 20th century. Bawean migration is often said to be motivated by an indigenous ethos referred to as merantau. This video series will give insights to the factors influencing the migration of the Baweanese to Singapore and their integration with the various local communities to form one of the significant sub-ethnic Malay communities in Singapore today.

In the early 1970s, the Ponthuk communities were relocated to housing estates as part Singapore’s development plans. Known for being an important social institution for the Baweanese, the relocations had in one way or another impacted their way of lives. With the dispersal of the community into smaller units, how did the community adapt their lives to modern Singapore? How much of the culture and practices are retained and how has some of it evolved over time?

This webisode will be available on this page from 15 Aug, Sat, 9am and available throughout the event. 

Enjoyed the programme? We'd love to hear your feedback below, or click here to open the survey in a separate tab!

Production: Co-presented by The Arts House and Persatuan Bawean Singapura
Event venue: Online
Event price: FREE
Event duration:

20 mins

Event Date(s): 2020-08-15 09:00:00
Event start date: 2020-08-15 09:00
Event end date: 2020-12-31 12:00
Custom Event Date(s): Premiere on 15 Aug 2020, SAT
Custom Event Time(s): 9am
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